שָׁלוֹם Strong’s #7965 shalom

But thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.

Genesis 15:15

When we hear the word “peace,” as this word is usually translated, we usually associate this to mean an absence of war or strife. However, the Hebrew word shalom has a very different meaning. The verb form of the root word is shalam and is usually used in the context of “making restitution.” When a person has caused another to become deficient in some way, such as a loss of livestock, it is the responsibility of the person who created the deficiency to restore what has been taken, lost or stolen. The verb shalam literally means “to make whole or complete.” The noun shalom has the more literal meaning of “being in a state of wholeness,” or “being without deficiency.” The Biblical phrase shalu shalom yerushalayim (pray for the peace of Jerusalem) is not speaking about an absence of war (though that is part of it), but that Jerusalem, and by extension all of Israel, be complete and whole, and goes far beyond the idea of “peace”.

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